Even though 71 percent of the Earth’s surface is covered with water, less than one percent of it is available to all of the planet’s living creatures as usable fresh water. That does not sound like much, but thanks to natural phenomena replenishing the water supply, it is quite sufficient. Be that as it may, more than one billion people still do not have access to clean water, and another 2.5 billion people live without basic sanitary facilities.
The reasons for that are the uneven distribution of water availability to people around the world, the ongoing climate change and associated natural disasters; however, one must also consider excessive, non-vital water consumption as well as the reduction of fresh water resources due to contamination. According to the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), we are primarily to blame for water shortages: «They do not result from the naturally limited quantities of water resources, lack of financing, or a shortage of technologies – even if these are critical aspects.» In this day and age, with a wide range of measures integrated in consistent, deliberately pursued water and development policies, the situation can be improved.